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Table 3 Patient characteristics and outcome after decompressive laparotomy

From: Decompressive laparotomy for abdominal compartment syndrome – a critical analysis

Reference Year No. of patients included Age (years) ISS APACHE II score IAP before DL (mmHg) IAP after DL (mmHg) Mortality (%)
Primary ACS         
   [23] 1984 4 55 - - 37 14 50
   [25] 1989 4 - - - 37 - 75
   [26] 1990 10 69 - - 25 16 60
   [17] 1997 21 39 26 - 27 14 29
   [28] 1998 11 37 27 - 49 19 64
   [18] 1998 49 36 37 - 33 - 42
   [31] 2001 28 36 32 - 26 - 43
Secondary ACS         
   [29] 1999 6 57 - 27 24 14 67
   [30] 2000 6 45 - - 31 - 67
   [32] 2001 10 45 - - 30 11 50
   [16] 2002 4 - - 25 40 26a 75
   [10] 2002 4 17 - - 34 - 100
   [34] 2003 9 47 24 - 36a 8a 22
Mixed primary and secondary ACS         
   [27] 1995 4 - - - 39,5a - 24
   [2] 2000 17 42 37 21 42a 16a 65
   [33] 2002 18 69 - 20 43 - 61
   [35] 2003 26 - 28 - 36 17 28
   [15] 2004 17 29 - 29,5 29,5 - 35
Mean (SD)    44 (14.4) 30 (5.3) 25 (4.0) 35.5 (8.06) 15.5 (4.81)  
  1. aData coming from incomplete datasets. dash, not available; ACS, abdominal compartment syndrome; APACHE II, Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation; DL, decompressive laparotomy; IAP, intraabdominal pressure; ISS, Injury Severity score; SD, standard deviation.