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Table 2 Overview of 18 papers included in the final analysis

From: Decompressive laparotomy for abdominal compartment syndrome – a critical analysis

Reference Journal Year No. of patients Indication for abdominal decompression Delay to decompression (hours)
    Total Primary ACS Secondary ACS   
[23] Ann Surg 1984 4 4 0 IAP >25 + acute renal failure NA
[25] Crit Care Med 1989 6 6 0 NA (presumably ACS) NA
[26] Aust NZ Surg 1990 10 10 0 IAP >18 + organ dysfunction NA
[27] S Afr Med J 1995 4 3 1 ACS 16
[17] Am J Surg 1997 21 21 0 ACS 27
[28] J Trauma 1998 11 11 0 IAP >25 mmHg + organ dysfunction 38
[18] J Trauma 1998 49 49 0 ACS 18
[29] J Trauma 1999 6 0 6 NA (presumably ACS) NA
[2] Crit Care Med 2000 17 13 4 ACS 13
[30] J Trauma 2000 6 0 6 NA (presumably ACS) NA
[31] Am J Surg 2001 28 28 0 IAP >20 + organ dysfunction 17
[32] Am J Surg 2001 10 0 10 ACS 12
[16] J Trauma 2002 4 0 4 ACS unresponsive to conservative measures NA
[10] J Burn Care Rehab 2002 4 0 4 IAP >30 + renal or ventilatory impairment 28
[33] Am Surg 2002 18 17 1 ACS NA
[34] Arch Surg 2003 9 0 9 NA (presumably ACS) 17
[35] J Trauma 2003 26 11 15 IAP >25 mmHg + progressive organ dysfunction 13
[15] J Trauma 2004 17 1 16 Uncontrollable ICP 139
Total    250 174 76   
  1. ACS, abdominal compartment syndrome; IAP, intraabdominal pressure; ICP, intracranial pressure; NA, not available.