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Table 1 Preoperative characteristics of the patients

From: Levosimendan may improve survival in patients requiring mechanical assist devices for post-cardiotomy heart failure

Characteristic Conventional Levosimendan P value
n 29 9  
Age (years) 68 ± 7a 57 ± 8a 0.001
Body mass index 27.1 ± 3a 26.3 ± 3a 0.41
Male:female 19:10 8:1 0.31
LVEF 34 ± 14a 33 ± 17a 0.96
Coronary artery disease 26 7 0.55
Arterial hypertension 23 7 0.94
Pulmonary arterial hypertension 3 2 0.61
Diabetes mellitus 12 3 0.73
Chronic renal insufficiency 10 2 0.59
Peripheral vascular disease 7 2 0.94
Atrial fibrillation 12 3 0.74
Hyperlipidemia 15 4 0.42
Nicotine abuse 6 4 0.13
COPD 5 2 0.71
  1. aMean ± standard deviation. Mann-Whitney-U test was used to determine p values between the groups. Chi square test was used to compare categorial data. COPD, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; LVEF, left ventricular ejection fraction.