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Table 3 Results of included studies

From: Outcomes of interfacility critical care adult patient transport: a systematic review

Study n Pre-transport characteristics Transport characteristics or adverse events Post-transport characteristics or adverse events
Barillo et al. (1997) [28] 146 Mean extent of burn injury 40% TBSA
99% had smoke inhalation injury
No in-flight instability, respiratory complications, or failure of ventilation reported 28 pts (19%) with respiratory alkalosis; 104 (71.2%) survived to burn unit discharge
Remond et al. (1998) [29] 10 90% sedated
50% with PaO2/FiO2 ratio < 200
No adverse events reported No adverse events reported
Orf et al. (2000) [30] 15 80% manually ventilated Median AVR 24
AVR ≥ 26 in 33.3% of pts
AVR ≥ 30 in 26.7% of pts
Mean AVR was lower in mechanically ventilated pts (15 ± 3) versus manually ventilated pts (29 ± 12) (p = 0.01)
Uusaro et al. (2002) [31] 66 52 pts (79%) with ARDS
PaO2/FiO2 ratio 64 ± 20 mmHg
SOFA 10 ± 3
14 pts (21%) transported in prone position
59 pts (89%) required inotrope/pressor infusions
Overall ICU mortality 30%
PaO2/FiO2 ratio 73 ± 27 mmHg
APACHE II 17 ± 6
Veldman et al. (2004) [32] 8 All pts ventilator-dependent ≥ 11 days prior to transport
OI ≤ 9.5 prior to transport
Unsuccessful CPR for in-flight cardiac arrest (n = 1) Not reported
  1. Data are mean ± standard deviation. APACHE II, Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II; ARDS, acute respiratory distress syndrome; AVR, assisted ventilation rate; CPR, cardiopulmonary resuscitation; ICU, intensive care unit; SOFA, Sepsis-related Organ Failure Assessment; TBSA, total body surface area; OI, oxygenation index ((FiO2 × mean airway pressure/PaO2) × 100).