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Table 3 Duration (days) of intra-ICU risk factors for fungal infection

From: Isolation of Aspergillus spp. from the respiratory tract in critically ill patients: risk factors, clinical presentation and outcome

Variable Isolation of Aspergillus spp. Candida spp. infection Noncolonized, uninfected patients P
Patients (n) 36 105 720  
Arterial catheter 26.0 ± 19.6 25.1 ± 21.4 14.7 ± 11.7 <0.001
Venous catheter 34.0 ± 38.1 32.6 ± 22.6 17.5 ± 12.4 <0.001
Urinary catheter 35.0 ± 37.5 32.7 ± 2.7 17.8 ± 14.1 <0.001
Mechanical ventilation 26.2 ± 17.2 27.0 ± 20.0 14.6 ± 13.9 <0.001
Total parenteral nutrition 20.7 ± 13.8 21.0 ± 19.0 11.4 ± 13.9 <0.001
Haemodialysis 11.7 ± 11.1 15.7 ± 16.4 15.5 ± 13.1 NS
Neutropenia 8.6 ± 8.2 4 ± 6.1 10.8 ± 9.8 NS
Steroids 29.7 ± 45.2 16.7 ± 14.6 14.1 ± 14.3 0.003
Antibiotic treatment 10.8 ± 5.1 11.5 ± 5.5 9.2 ± 4.7 <0.001
  1. Values are expressed as mean ± standard deviation, unless otherwise stated. ICU, intensive care unit; NS, not significant.