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Table 1 Main types of injuries sustained in the overall and critical patients populations at Gregorio Marañón University General Hospital

From: 11 March 2004: The terrorist bomb explosions in Madrid, Spain – an analysis of the logistics, injuries sustained and clinical management of casualties treated at the closest hospital

Injuries Overall population (n = 243) Critically ill patients (n = 27)
Tympanic perforation: 99 (41%) 18 (67%)
   Unilateral 27 (11%) 1
   Bilateral 72 (29%) 17
Chest: 97 (40%) 24 (89%)
   Rib fractures 18 (7%) 7 (26%)
   BLI 17 (7%) 17 (63%)
   Pneumothorax 11 (4%) 10 (37%)
   Haemothorax 6 (2%) 6 (25%)
Shrapnel wounds (soft tissues): 89 (36%) 23 (85%)
   Head–neck 53 (21%)  
   Trunk 11 (4%)  
   Extremities 25 (10%)  
Fractures 44 (18%) 15 (55%)
   Long bones 18 (7%) 9 (33%)
   Maxillofacial 16 (6%) 8 (29%)
   Metatarsal 8 (3%)  
   Spine 5 (2%) 5 (18%)
Burns: 45 (18%) 16 (59%)
   First degree 16 (6%)  
   Second degree 29 (12%)  
Eyes 41 (16%) 4 (15%)
Head trauma: 29 (12%) 14 (52%)
   Fractured skull base   5
   Brain contusions   4
   Subdural hematoma   4
   Other   12
Abdominal: 12 (5%) 10 (37%)
   Liver 5 4
   Spleen 4 4
   Bowel 3 3
   Kidney 3 2
Amputations: 13 (5%) 9 (33%)
   Ear 11 8 (29%)
   Finger 1  
   Left lower limb 1 1
Post-traumatic stress disorder 22 (9%)  
  1. Values are expressed as n or as n (%). BLI, blast lung injury.