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Table 2 Main findings

From: Early tracheostomy in intensive care trauma patients improves resource utilization: a cohort study and literature review

  Tracheostomy ≤7 days Tracheostomy >7 days P
Ventilation days before tracheostomy 4.6 ± 0.5 (6, 2.5–7) 13.9 ± 0.5 (13, 10–16) <0.0001
Days from ICU admission to tracheostomy 4.6 ± 0.5 (6, 2.5–7) 14.1 ± 0.5 (13, 11–17) <0.0001
Number (%) of patients with extubation trials 1 (3%) 24 (22%) 0.019
Days from tracheostomy to weaning 4.9 ± 1.2 (2, 1–7) 4.9 ± 1.1 (1, 1–4) 1.0
Days from tracheostomy to ICU discharge 6.3 ± 1.3 (4, 2–8.5) 6.9 ± 1.1 (3, 2–7) 0.72
Total duration of mechanical ventilation (days) 9.6 ± 1.2 (8, 6–13) 18.7 ± 1.3 (15, 12–20) <0.0001
ICU LOS (days) 10.9 ± 1.2 (10, 7–14) 21.0 ± 1.3 (17, 14–23) <0.0001
Hospital LOS (days) 101 ± 19 (68, 33–139) 105 ± 7 (83, 54–136) 0.84
ICU mortality (n [%]) 1 (3%) 1 (1%) NS
Hospital mortality (n [%]) 5 (17%) 15 (14%) 0.66
  1. Values are expressed as mean ± standard error of the mean (median, interquartile range), where appropriate. ICU, intensive care unit; LOS, length of stay.