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Table 1 Baseline patient characteristics

From: Early tracheostomy in intensive care trauma patients improves resource utilization: a cohort study and literature review

  Tracheostomy ≤ 7 days Tracheostomy >7 days P
Number 29 107  
Age (years) 33 ± 3 31 ± 1 0.5
Male sex (%) 26 (90%) 98 (92%) 0.75
APACHE II score 20 ± 1 19 ± 1 0.35
SAPS II score 42 ± 2 39 ± 1 0.36
ISS score 33 ± 2 34 ± 1 0.79
GCS score 5.2 ± 0.5 6.5 ± 0.4 0.04
Type of injury (n [%])    
   Head 20 (69%) 66 (62%) 0.47
   Maxillofacial 10 (34%) 17 (16%) 0.03
   Chest 11 (38%) 51 (48%) 0.35
   Abdomen 3 (10%) 14 (13%) 0.69
   Spinal cord 1 (3%) 17 (16%) 0.08
   Pelvic/lower extremities 10 (34%) 40 (37%) 0.77
Percutaneous tracheostomy (n [%]) 21 (72%) 75 (70%) 0.81
  1. Values are expressed as mean ± standard error of the mean, where appropriate. APACHE, Acute Physiology and Chornic Health Evaluation; GCS, Glasgow Coma Scale; ISS, Injury Severity Score; SAPS, Simplified Acute Physiology Score.