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Table 2 Complications while cannulated

From: Comparison of two percutaneous tracheostomy techniques, guide wire dilating forceps and Ciaglia Blue Rhino: a sequential cohort study

Complication GWDF CBR P
  No. % No. %  
Surgical tracheostomy 6   2   
Lost to follow-up 1   0   
Available for analysis 164   169   
No complications 139 84.8 138 81.7 NS
Minor complications      
   Bleeding (local pressure) 15 9.1 14 8.3 NS
   Infection 4 2.4 6 3.6 NS
   Granulation tissue around stoma 1 0.6 1 0.6 NS
   Pain from stoma 1 0.6 0   NS
   Tracheal oedema 0   1 0.6 NS
   Subcutaneous emphysema 0   1 0.6 NS
   Dyspnoea 0   1 0.6 NS
   Total 21 12.8 24 14.2 NS
Major complications      
   Bleeding (exploration) 0   2 1.2 NS
   Bleeding (life-threatening) 0   0   NS
   Stridor (with empty cuff) 2 1.2 0   NS
   Cardiopulmonary resuscitation 1 0.6 0   NS
   Cannula obstruction 1 0.6 3 1.8 NS
   Hypoxaemia 0   2 1.2 NS
   Total 4 2.4 7 4.1 NS
  1. CBR, Ciaglia Blue Rhino; GWDF, guide wire dilating forceps; NS, not significant.