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Table 1 Peri-operative complications

From: Comparison of two percutaneous tracheostomy techniques, guide wire dilating forceps and Ciaglia Blue Rhino: a sequential cohort study

Complication GWDF (n = 171) CBR (n = 171) P Conversion to surgical tracheostomy
  No. % No. %   GWDF (n = 6) CBR (n = 2)
No complications 128 74.9 100 58.5 <0.01   
Minor complications        
   Procedure-specific        
Bleeding (local pressure) 11 6.4 24 14.0 0.04   
Difficult dilation 0   23 13.5 <0.01   
Difficult procedure 6 3.5 7 4.1 NS   
Subcutaneous emphysema 2 1.2 2 1.2 NS   
Cannula insertion difficult 0   3 1.8 NS   
Air leakage cuff 0   2 1.2 NS   
   Procedure-non-specific        
Puncture endotracheal tube 9 5.3 8 4.7 NS   
Puncture posterior tracheal wall 4 2.3 2 1.2 NS   
Accidental detubation 1 0.6 3 1.8 NS   
Hypotension 1 0.6 2 1.2 NS   
   Total 34 19.9 75 43.9 <0.01   
Major complications        
   Procedure-specific        
Bleeding (exploration) 6 3.5 4 2.3 NS 2  
Bleeding (life-threatening) 1 0.6 1 0.6 NS   
Fausse route 2 1.2 1 0.6 NS   1
Oesophageal perforation 1 0.6 0   NS 1  
Cannula insertion impossible 3 1.8 0   NS 3  
Pneumothorax 0   3 1.8 NS   1
   Total 13 7.6 9 5.3 NS   
  1. aSome patients had more than one complication. CBR, Ciaglia Blue Rhino; GWDF, guide wire dilating forceps; NS, not significant.