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Table 2 Comparison of early tracheostomy and selective tracheostomy groups

From: Tracheostomy timing and the duration of weaning in patients with acute respiratory failure

  Early tracheostomy (n = 21) Selective tracheostomy (n = 53) P value
Clinical characteristics    
   Gender, male 15 (71%) 34 (64%) 0.55
   Age (years) 47 (33–58) 47 (34–55) 0.97
   Multiple trauma victim 17 (81%) 31 (59%) 0.07
   Traumatic brain injury (trauma patients as denominator) 14/17 (81%) 15/31(52%) 0.04
   Number of days from intubation to readiness-to-wean criteria 6 (4–7) 4 (3–7) 0.39
   Number of days from readiness-to-wean criteria to starting weaning 3 (1–4) 1 (0–2) 0.001
Clinical outcomes    
   Number of days of mechanical ventilation 11 (9–26) 13 (8–21) 0.86
   Number of days weaning 3 (1–11) 6 (3–14) 0.06
   Tracheostomy 21 (100%) 25 (47%) < 0.001
   Fatigue during weaning 7 (33%) 29 (55%) 0.10
   Pneumonia 3 (14%) 17 (32%) 0.12
   Successful liberation from mechanical ventilation 21 (100%) 47 (89%) 0.11
   Lived 21 (100%) 48 (91%) 0.15
  1. Continuous data are presented as medians (interquartile ranges). Categorical data are presented as number (percentage). The large percentage of males and the relatively young age reflect the number of trauma victims cared for in our intensive care unit.