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Table 1 Classification of hemorrhage

From: Clinical review: Hemorrhagic shock

  Class
Parameter I II III IV
Blood loss (ml) <750 750–1500 1500–2000 >2000
Blood loss (%) <15% 15–30% 30–40% >40%
Pulse rate (beats/min) <100 >100 >120 >140
Blood pressure Normal Decreased Decreased Decreased
Respiratory rate (breaths/min) 14–20 20–30 30–40 >35
Urine output (ml/hour) >30 20–30 5–15 Negligible
CNS symptoms Normal Anxious Confused Lethargic
  1. Modified from Committee on Trauma [4]. CNS = central nervous system.