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Table 3 Anthropometric and biochemical measurements of patients

From: Estimation of energy requirements for mechanically ventilated, critically ill patients using nutritional status

  Underfeeding (n = 15) Appropriate feeding (n = 20) Overfeeding (n = 19)
Measurement Day 1 Day 7 Day 1 Day 7 Day 1 Day 7
Anthropometric measurements       
   Current weight (kg) 64.5 ± 11.1 62.9 ± 9.0 63.1 ± 13.0 63.9 ± 12.9 52.7 ± 7.9 56.6 ± 9.4
   Body mass index (kg/m2) 23.7 ± 3.6 23.1 ± 3.1 23.8 ± 4.2 24.1 ± 4.6 21.1 ± 4.0 23.1 ± 5.5
   Triceps skinfold (mm) 11.6 ± 5.8 10.3 ± 5.6 11.5 ± 5.1 12.0 ± 5.9 10.8 ± 5.4 11.7 ± 7.7
   Mid-arm circumference (mm) 282.3 ± 33.4a 259.5 ± 37.2b 271.5 ± 38.0 273.5 ± 42.0 245.9 ± 37.9 245.6 ± 34.8
   Mid-arm muscle circumference (mm) 245.8 ± 26.1a 227.2 ± 27.0b 235.5 ± 30.7 235.7 ± 32.6 212.0 ± 29.5 208.8 ± 30.9
   Arm muscle area (mm2) 4861.7 ± 998.9a 4164.5 ± 968.0b 4485.8 ± 1167.2 4503.2 ± 1250.1 3641.7 ± 988.2 3541.8 ± 989.9
Biochemical measurements       
   Albumin (g/dl) 2.5 ± 0.2 2.4 ± 0.4 2.3 ± 0.5 2.5 ± 0.6 2.5 ± 0.6 2.4 ± 0.4
   Prealbumin (mg/dl) 10.0 ± 2.8 10.5 ± 3.8 11.9 ± 6.5 11.5 ± 3.8 11.7 ± 6.9 14.1 ± 6.4
   Total lymphocyte count (mm3) 727.3 ± 651.7 1094.4 ± 776.9 856.3 ± 994.4 1319.8 ± 1080.4 1064.3 ± 1305.0 915.0 ± 478.8
   Creatinine height index (%) 76.2 ± 25.9 70.7 ± 36.6 68.9 ± 24.2 57.1 ± 29.0 67.2 ± 25.1 66.4 ± 23.3
   Nitrogen balance -6.7 ± 6.0 -7.6 ± 7.2 -2.8 ± 4.5 0.04 ± 5.1 -1.9 ± 5.1 -1.7 ± 4.3
  1. Values presented as mean ± standard deviation.