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Table 1 Diagnostic capability of hand-held echocardiography and conventional transthoracic echocardiography, according to clinicalproblems (n = 229) and additional diagnoses (n = 22) assessed in 103 consecutive ventilated patients

From: Diagnostic ability of hand-held echocardiography in ventilated critically ill patients

  Hand-held echocardiography Transthoracic echocardiography
Clinical problem No response (n) Present (n) Absent (n) Diagnostic capability (%) No response (n) Present (n) Absent (n) Diagnostic capability (%)
Left ventricular systolic dysfunction (n = 88) 10 31 47 82 10 35 43 89
Cor pulmonale/pulmonary hypertension (n = 42) 2 13 27 71 2 23 17 95
Valvulopathy/valvular prosthesis assessment (n = 29) 1 8 20 83 1 12 16 96
Pericardial effusion/tamponade (n = 20) 4 7 9a 75 4 7 9a 75
Pleural effusion (n = 13) 0 11 2 100 0 11 2 100
Volume status assessment (n = 18) 4 10 4 78 4 10 4 78
Cardiac trauma (n = 10) 3 2 5 70 3 2 5 70
Intracardiac shunt (n = 9) 1 4 4 78 1 5 3 89
Endocarditis (n = 8) 0 2 6a 87 0 2 6a 87
Source of arterial embolism (n = 8) 1 3 4 87 1 3 4 87
Left ventricular outflow tract obstruction (n = 3) 0 0 3 - 0 3 0 -
Acute aortic condition (n = 3) 0 1 2 - 0 1 2 -
  1. a Includes one false-negative result compared with transesophageal echocardiography.