Skip to main content

Table 2 Secondary causes of malignant hypertension

From: Clinical review: The management of hypertensive crises

Cause Example
Renal parenchymal Chronic pyelonephritis
  Primary glomerulonephritis
  Tubulointerstitial nephritis
Systemic disorders with renal involvement Systemic lupus erythematosus
  Systemic sclerosis
  Vasculitides
Renovascular Atherosclerotic disease
  Fibromuscular dysplasia
  Polyarteritis nodosa
Endocrine Pheochromocytoma
  Conn's syndrome (primary hyperaldosteronism)
  Cushing's syndrome
Drugs Cocaine
  Amphetamines
  Ciclosporin
  Clonidine withdrawal
  Phencyclidine
Coarctation of the aorta  
Pre-eclampsia/eclampsia