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Table

From: Factors affecting mortality from acute renal failure in the ICU

  Maximum OFs at any time   OFs within 48 hours of death/discharge
Type of OF n ICU mortality (%) P   n ICU mortality (%) P
Any 1 OF      737 16.3  
   ARF 608 9.4    517 11.6 < 0.05
   CVS N/A N/A    20 45.0 < 0.001
   RESP N/A N/A    123 34.2 < 0.001
2 OFs 713 35.6    555 55.0  
   CVS + RESP 23 43.5 NS   30 73.3 < 0.05
   CVS + ARF 183 47.5 < 0.01   320 87.8 < 0.001
   RESP + ARF 297 36.0 NS   371 85.2 < 0.001
   GI + ARF 89 13.5 < 0.001   94 70.2 < 0.01
   GI + RESP 28 35.7 NS   30 60.0 NS
   NEURO + ARF 36 41.7 NS   31 45.2 NS
3 OFs 685 66.0    482 83.4  
   CVS + RESP + ARF 345 78.8 < 0.001   243 91.0 < 0.01
   CVS + RESP + GI 10 80.0 NS   11 100 NS
   CVS + NEURO + ARF 40 77.5 NS   36 86.1 NS
   RESP + NEURO + ARF 38 65.8 NS   38 81.6 NS
  1. CVS = cardiovascular failure; RESP = respiratory failure; GI = gastrointestinal failure; HAEM = haematological failure; NEURO = neurological failure; N/A = not applicable. (Only Groups with 10 patients included.)