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Table 2 Suggested Indications for Parenteral Nutrition.

From: Parenteral nutrition: never say never

• Prolonged ileus > 3 days
mechanical obstruction, generalized peritonitis, peritoneal carcinosis, abdominal distension on enteral nutrition
• Short Bowel syndrome
mesenteric infarction, extensive small bowel resection
• Severe malabsorption
radiation injury to intestine, high output fistulae, inflammatory bowel diseases in acute phase, splanchnic ischemia
• Time to reach full enteral nutrition or oral > 5 days
• Insufficient energy intakes
• Hyperemesis gravidarum
• High risk of aspiration
  1. Adapted from [11]