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Table 1 Etiology of rhabdomyolysis and myopathies

From: Acute kidney injury due to rhabdomyolysis and renal replacement therapy: a critical review

Acquired Hereditary
Extreme physical activity Metabolic myopathies caused by disorders of:
Influence of extreme temperatures  Fatty acid oxidation
Metabolic disorders of water and salts  Mitochondrial metabolism
Trauma and crush syndrome  Glycolysis/glycogenolysis
Vascular ischemia  Purine nucleotide cycle
Influence of drugs  Pentose phosphate pathway
Infections, sepsis  
Toxins  
Malignant hyperthermia  
Endocrine disorders  
Electrical current