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Table 1 Baseline demographic variables, aetiology of acute heart failure and related chronic premorbid conditions a

From: Half-molar sodium lactate infusion improves cardiac performance in acute heart failure: a pilot randomised controlled clinical trial

Patient characteristics Control group Lactate group
Age (years) 69.9 ± 9.8 67.4 ± 14.6
Sex (male/female) 17/4 13/6
Weight (kg) 86.5 ± 19.6 79.2 ± 22.3
APACHE II score 18.5 ± 6.9 18.6 ± 5.3
LVEF (%) 27.1 ± 10.3 27.2 ± 8.1
Bilirubin (μmol/L) 15 ± 13 20 ± 25
ALT (IU/L) 489 ± 1,026 525 ± 928
Aetiology of AHF (n)b   
  ADHF 4 2
  NSTEMI 8 8
  STEMI 5 5
  Arrhythmia 1 1
  Infection 6 4
  Cardiac arrest 1 4
  Other 1 1
Premorbid conditions (n)b   
  IHD 14 11
  CCF 10 6
  HT 10 8
  Diabetes 9 5
  1. aADHF = Acute decompensated heart failure; ALT = Alanine aminotransferase; APACHE II = Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II; CCF = Chronic congestive heart failure; HT = Hypertension; IHD = Ischaemic heart disease; LVEF = Left ventricular ejection fraction; NSTEMI = Non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarct; STEMI = ST-segment elevation myocardial infarct. bSome patients had more than one condition present. Data are expressed as mean ± SD unless indicated otherwise.