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Table 2 Management practices for patients with fever admitted to intensive care units

From: Diagnosis and management of temperature abnormality in ICUs: a EUROBACT investigators' survey

Item Never Rarely Sometimes Most of the time Always *Median (IQR)
Temperature is controlled in febrile patients 0 3 (2%) 23 (17%) 57 (41%) 56 (40%) 4 (4 to 5)
Temperature control in febrile patients is directed by physician order 3 (2%) 18 (13%) 25 (18%) 54 (39%) 38 (28%) 4 (3 to 5)
Temperature control in febrile patients is directed by nurses 15 (11%) 41 (30%) 33 (24%) 28 (20%) 21 (15%) 3 (2 to 4)
Acetaminophen (paracetamol) is used to control temperature in febrile patients 2 (1%) 13 (9%) 35 (25%) 70 (50%) 19 (14%) 4 (3 to 4)
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are used to control temperature in febrile patients 36 (26%) 48 (35%) 41 (30%) 13 (9%) 0 2 (1 to 3)
Physical cooling methods are used to control temperature in febrile patients 1 (1%) 18 (13%) 71 (51%) 36 (26%) 13 (9%) 3 (3 to 4)
New fever triggers a full septic work-up 1 (1%) 6 (4%) 25 (18%) 82 (59%) 25 (18%) 4 (4 to 4)
Empiric antimicrobials are provided to febrile patients 1 (1%) 24 (17%) 68 (49%) 39 (28%) 7 (5%) 3 (3 to 4)
  1. *Median score (IQR, Interquartile range) of response with 1 = Never, 2 = Rarely, 3 = Sometimes, 4 = Most of the time, and 5 = Always