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Table 2 CO 2 production from total oxidation of different substrates to produce 1 Kcal

From: Infusion of 2.5 meq/min of lactic acid minimally increases CO2 production compared to an isocaloric glucose infusion in healthy anesthetized, mechanically ventilated pigs

Substrate Kcal Mmol of substrate CO2production (mmol) CO2production (ml)
Glucose 1 1.48 8.9 199
Lactate 1 3.08 9.25 207
Acetate 1 4.93 9.85 220
Citrate 1 2.12 12.73 285