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Table 1 Patient characteristics

From: Diagnostic value and prognostic evaluation of Presepsin for sepsis in an emergency department

  Control SIRS Sepsis Severe sepsis Septic shock P value
n 100 179 372 210 98  
Age (years) 68 70 71 73 73 0.1
  (65 to 74) (58 to 76) (59 to 78) (60 to 78) (65 to 78)
Male (%) 57.0 53.6 61.2 62.9 58.2 0.5
Presepsin (pg/ml) 130 212 325 787 1084 0.00
  (104 to 179) (143 to 300) (210 to 480) (464 to 1249) (695 to 2365)
PCT (ng/ml) 0.05 0.05 0.17 1.09 6.99 0.00
  (0.05 to 0.07) (0.05 to 0.23) (0.05 to 0.79) (0.21 to 7.52) (0.88 to 38.26)
MEDS score   6.5 8.0 14.0 19.0 0.00
(3.0 to 10.0) (7.0 to 10.0) (10.0 to 16.0) (16.8 to 22.0)
APACHE II score 13.0 14.0 19.0 22.5 0.00
(8.0 to 19.0) (10.0 to 18.0) (14.0 to 22.0) (19.0 to 30.25)
Diagnosis     
Respiratory   AECOPD (70) Pneumonia (259) Pneumonia (145) Pneumonia (70) 0.92
   Asthma (38)     
   PE (12)     
Abdominal   Pancreatitis (34) IAI (82) IAI (52) IAI (22) 0.42
Cerebral   Stroke (12) Meningitis (12) Meningitis (6) Meningitis (4) 0.4
Urinary    Pyelonephritis (15) Pyelonephritis (7) Pyelonephritis (2) 0.9
Others   DKA (13) Skin/soft tissue infection (4)    
  1. Data are presented as median (25th to 75th percentile). AECOPD, acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases; APACHE, Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation; DKA, diabetic ketoacidosis; IAI, intraabdominal infection; MEDS, Mortality in Emergency Department Sepsis; PE, pulmonary embolism; PCT, procalcitonin; SIRS, systemic inflammatory response syndrome.