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Table 2 Responses depending on sex, age, and profession

From: Survey of controversial issues of end-of-life treatment decisions in Korea: similarities and discrepancies between healthcare professionals and the general public

  PVS on mechanical ventilation are candidates for EOL decision Withdraw = withhold Making EOL decisions when wishes are unknown Resolution of conflict among family and physicians
Healthcare (n = 503) vs. not in healthcare (n = 997) 67.4% vs. 57.0% (P <0.001) 23.9% vs. 25.0% (P = 0.635) Presumed wishes of the patient 12.8% vs. 25.3% Through hospital ethics committee 54.9% vs. 17.3%
Discussion between family and medical staff 57.3% vs. 55.3% Discussion between family and medical staff 34.2% vs. 74.4%
Decision by next of kin 16.7% vs. 18.7% (P <0.001) Court of law 5.2% vs. 4.9% (P <0.001)
Sex (M/F = 722/778) 60.6% vs. 60.5% (P = 0.996) 29.4% vs. 20.2% (P <0.001) Presumed wishes of the patient 19.6% vs. 21.3% Through hospital ethics committee 34.3% vs. 27.9%
Discussion between family and medical staff 58.2% vs. 54.3% Discussion between family and medical staff 56.4% vs. 65.1%
Decision by next of kin 17.8% vs. 17.9% (P = 0.513) Court of law 5.3% vs. 4.8% (P <0.001)
Age below 50 (n = 896) vs. 50 and above (n = 604) 63.7% vs. 55.6% (P = 0.005) 22.8% vs. 27.3% (P = 0.019) Presumed wishes of the patient 19.2% vs. 22.6% Through hospital ethics committee 36.7% vs. 19.7%
Discussion between family and medical staff 55.7% vs. 56.7% Discussion between family and medical staff 52.6% vs. 73.3%
    Decision by next of kin 17.5% vs. 18.7% (P = 0.534) Court of law 6.3% vs. 3.2% (P <0.001)
  1. EOL, end-of-life; PVS, persistent vegetative state.