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Table 1 Characteristics of patients with different levels of exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (N = 563)a

From: Screening and risk factors of exocrine pancreatic insufficiency in critically ill adult patients receiving enteral nutrition

Characteristics No EPI (n= 269) Moderate EPI (n= 191) Severe EPI (n= 103)
Age (years) 40.9 ± 3.4 43.8 ± 4.1 41.7 ± 5.9
Gender (% male) 46.8 43.9 42.4
BMI (kg/m2) 25.2 ± 2.6 27.4 ± 3.5 28.1 ± 5.3
APACHE II score 12.7 ± 3.8 16.3 ± 2.9 17.9 ± 4.7
Steatorrhea (%) 2.2 5.3b 11.7b,c
Diarrhoea (%) 9.7 13.9 21.5b
Serum amylase (U/L) 218 ± 51 319 ± 94 494 ± 123b
Serum lipase (U/L) 252 ± 67 405 ± 102 576 ± 139b
Faecal elastase 1 (μg/g) 276 ± 75 161 ± 42 71 ± 24b
  1. aAPACHE II, Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II; BMI, body mass index; EPI, exocrine pancreatic insufficiency. bP < 0.05 in comparison with patients without EPI. cP < 0.05 in comparison with patients with moderate EPI. Data are presented as mean ± SD or percentage.