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Table 4 Implantation data, parameters during ELS, complications and outcome

From: Extracorporeal lung support in trauma patients with severe chest injury and acute lung failure: a 10-year institutional experience

Variable All patients (n= 52) PECLA (n= 26) vv-ECMO (n= 26)
External ELS implantation 25 (48) 7 (26.9) 18 (69.2)
Percutaneous cannulation 51 (98) 25 (96) 26 (100)
Surgical cannula removal 4 (7.7) 4 (15.4) 0 (0)
Pre-ELS mechanical ventilation (days) 3.2 ± 4.1 (0 to 21) 3.7 ± 4.6 (0 to 21) 2.6 ± 3.6 (0 to 16)
Time from trauma to ELS (days) 5.2 ± 7.7 (0 to 38) 5.9 ± 8.1 (0 to 38) 4.5 ± 7.3 (0 to 34)
Duration of ELS (days) 6.9 ± 3.6 (<1 to 19) 7.6 ± 4 (<1 to 19) 6.3 ± 3.1 (<1 to 13)
Flow rate (l/minute) 2.3 ± 0.9 (0.7 to 4.6) 1.7 ± 0.5 (0.7 to 2.9) 3 ± 0.6 (1.8 to 4.6)
Duration of mechanical ventilation (days) 18.4 ± 10.6 (1 to 51) 18.7 ± 10.4 (1 to 49) 18.1 ± 11 (1 to 51)
Cannula-related complications 8 (15.4) 5 (19.2) 3 (11.5)
Renal-replacement therapy 16 (30.8) 9 (34.6) 7 (26.9)
ICU stay (days) 22 (14 to 32) 23 (18 to 35) 17 (13 to 30)
Hospital stay (days) 25 (16 to 41) 25 (21 to 39) 24 (13 to 44)
Surgical procedure 45 (86.5) 21 (80.8) 24 (92.3)
Thoracic surgical procedure 8 (15.4) 4 (15) 4 (15.4)
Surgery with ELS 16 (30.8) 6 (23.1) 10 (38.5)
Weaning from ELS 44 (84.6) 22 (85) 22 (84.6)
Death on ELS system 8 (15.4) 4 (15.4) 4 (15.4)
In-hospital mortality 11 (21.2) 6 (23.1) 5 (19.2)
  1. Data presented as n (%),mean ± standard deviation (minimum to maximum), or median (25th to 75th interquartile range). ELS, extracorporeal lung support; PECLA, pumpless extracorporeal lung assist; vv-ECMO, veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation.