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Table 2 Characteristics of included studies.

From: Is early ventricular dysfunction or dilatation associated with lower mortality rate in adult severe sepsis and septic shock? A meta-analysis

Author Year Country Study population Definition of sepsis and septic shocka Excluded underlying cardiac-related disease Mean age (years) Sample size (M/F)
Kimchi et al. 1984 USA Septic shock Author No 65 25 (11/14)
Dhainaut et al. 1988 France Septic shock Author - 47 23 (-/-)
Vincent et al. 1989 Belgium Septic shock Author Yes - 34 (11/23)
Vincent et al. 1992 Belgium Septic shock Author - 59 68 (45/23)
Jardin et al. 1999 France Septic shock Consensus Yes 55 90 (52/38)
McLean et al. 2007 Australia Severe sepsis, septic shock Consensus No 63 40 (23/17)
Cariou et al. 2008 France Septic shock Consensus Yes 59 10 (7/3)
Etchecopar-Chevreuil et al. 2008 France Septic shock Consensus Yes 56 35 (19/16)
Vieillard-Baron et al. 2008 France Septic shock Consensus Yes 65 67 (50/17)
Sturgess et al. 2010 Australia Septic shock Consensus No 65 21 (13/8)
Furian et al. 2012 Brasil Severe sepsis, septic shock Consensus Yes 51 45 (16/29)
Landesberg et al. 2012 Israel Severe sepsis, septic shock Consensus Yes 61 262 (159/103)
Pulido et al. 2012 USA Severe sepsis, septic shock Consensus Yes 65 106 (53/53)
Weng et al. 2012 China Septic shock Consensus Yes 66 61 (33/28)
  1. aAuthor: Definition of sepsis and septic shock was defined by author but included at least positive culture or documented sources of infection, hypotension, and oligouria. Consensus: The ACCP/SCCM consensus conference definition was used.