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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of patients included in this analysis.

From: Growth differentiation factor-15 and prognosis in acute respiratory distress syndrome: a retrospective cohort study

  Alive at 60 days
(n = 294)
Dead at 60 days
(n = 106)
P value
Age 47 [37,57] 51 [40,65] 0.01
Gender (% male) 51 57 0.35
Race (%)    0.04
  White 70 55  
  African American 20 30  
  Hispanic 7 9  
  Other 3 6  
ARDS risk factor (%)    
  Sepsis 38 53 0.01
  Aspiration 22 18 0.33
  Pneumonia 64 67 0.62
  Trauma 10 5 0.10
  Other 9 6 0.30
Comorbidities (%)    
  Diabetes mellitus 18 16 0.27
  Cirrhosis 4 3 0.62
  Immunosuppression 6 17 <0.01
APACHE III score 86 [67,106] 111 [91,132] <0.01
Creatinine (mg/dL) 0.9 [0.7, 1.4] 1.3 [0.9, 1.9] <0.01
PaO2/FiO2 153 [104, 210] 143 [94, 198] 0.17
GDF-15 Level (pg/mL) 5,222 [3,174, 12,748} 9,743 [5,811, 13,462] < 0.001
  1. Continuous variables are presented as median [interquartile range].