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Table 1 Characteristics of patients included in the four phases of the study.

From: Decreasing severe pain and serious adverse events while moving intensive care unit patients: a prospective interventional study (the NURSE-DO project)

  Phase 1
(baseline)
n= 53
Phase 2
(intervention)
n= 47
Phase 3
(adjustment)
n= 43
Phase 4
(consolidation)
n= 50
P
1-2
P
1-3
P
1-4
Age (years), median (IQR) 64 (54; 74) 65 (49; 74) 61 (49; 67) 61 (51;69) 0.87 0.10 0.24
Female Sex, n (%) 19 (36%) 18 (38%) 12 (28%) 13 (26%) 0.84 0.51 0.30
SAPS II, median (IQR) 41 (31; 54) 38 (27; 53) 34 (27; 41) 37 (26; 53) 0.64 0.07 0.57
Surgical admission*, n (%) 22 (42%) 25 (53%) 16 (37%) 26 (52%) 0.32 0.29 0.33
Mechanical ventilation, n (%) 24 (45%) 21 (45%) 13 (30%) 22 (45%) 0.95 0.13 0.90
Sustained use of sedatives, n (%) 22 (42%) 15 (32%) 9 (21%) 14 (29%) 0.32 0.03 0.15
RASS level, median (IQR) 0 (-3; 0) 0 (-1; 0) 0 (0; 0) 0 (-1; 0) 0.92 0.52 0.41
Number of procedures evaluated per patient, median (IQR) 2 (1; 4) 2 (1; 3) 3 (1; 5) 3 (3; 3) 0.39 0.38 0.24
  1. IQR, Inter-Quartile-Range (25th to 75th percentiles); RASS, Richmond-Agitation-Sedation-Scale [29] from -5 (deep sedation) to +4 (combative agitation), a level of 0 defines an awake state of awareness without any agitation; SAPS II, Simplified-Acute-Physiology-Score II [31]. * Surgical patients all underwent abdominal surgery.