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Table 1 Survey hospital characteristics

From: Visitation policies and practices in US ICUs

  Hospital region
Variable Northeast Midwest South West
Number 103 (17.0) 159 (26.2) 222 (36.6) 122 (20.1)
Hospital type     
   Community 55 (53.4) 102 (64.2) 154 (69.4) 90 (73.8)
   Federal 26 (25.2) 31 (19.5) 40 (18.0) 18 (14.8)
   University 22 (21.4) 26 (16.4) 28 (12.6) 14 (11.5)
Hospital bed number     
   < 100 16 (15.5) 56 (35.2) 55 (24.8) 39 (32.0)
   100 to 299 45 (43.7) 58 (36.5) 101 (45.5) 53 (43.4)
   300 to 499 10 (9.7) 26 (16.4) 34 (15.3) 19 (15.6)
   > 500 22 (21.4) 16 (10.1) 28 (12.6) 9 (7.4)
   Not reported 10 (9.7) 3 (1.9) 4 (1.8) 2 (1.6)
ICU number 2.4 ± 2.1 2.0 ± 1.8 2.0 ± 1.6 2.0 ± 1.8
ICU bed number     
   < 10 16 (15.5) 56 (35.2) 44 (19.8) 26 (21.3)
   10 to 15 34 (33.0) 35 (22.0) 88 (39.6) 32 (26.2)
   16 to 39 24 (23.3) 40 (25.2) 59 (26.6) 41 (33.6)
   ≥ 40 27 (26.2) 27 (17.0) 29 (13.1) 23 (18.9)
   Not reported 2 (1.9) 1 (0.6) 2 (0.9) 0
ICU bed percentage 11.0 ± 9.9 12.0 ± 20.9 9.9 ± 7.1 15.2 ± 17.6
ICU clinical nurse specialist present 42 (40.8) 63 (39.9) 80 (36.0) 51 (41.8)
ICU medical director present 75 (73.5) 92 (58.6) 121 (54.8) 86 (71.1)
  1. Data presented as number (percentage) or mean ± standard deviation.