Interaction of risk factors for failure of non-invasive ventilation and hospital mortality. Fluid balance denotes cumulative fluid balance ≥ 2 L in the first 72 hours of intensive care unit stay. SOFA score denotes Sequential Organ Failure Assessment punctuation ≥ 4 (excluding respiratory component). ARDS denotes Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome. P < 0.001 (Pearson Chi-square test) for both the comparisons of hospital mortality and non-invasive ventilation failure and risk factors interaction.