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Table 1 The main clinical signs on admission in survivors and non-survivors.

From: Estimation of optic nerve sheath diameter on an initial brain computed tomography scan can contribute prognostic information in traumatic brain injury patients

  Survivors Non-survivors P value
  ( n = 55) ( n = 22)  
Age (year) 39 ± 17 52 ± 16 0.005
Male gender 43 (78.2%) 19 (80.4%) 0.41
ISS 29 [16] 32 [32] 0.02
Initial GCS score 7 [7] 5 [6] 0.03
Pupil reactivity 44 (80%) 12 (55%) 0.02
Anisocoria 13 (24%) 15 (68%) < 0.001
Suspected EICP 11 (20%) 8 (36%) 0.13
ICU admission    
   MAP (mmHg) 90 [18] 89 [36] 0.8
   HR (bpm) 90 ± 3 79 ± 6 0.09
   Temperature (°C) 37 [2] 36 [2] 0.33
Neurosurgical operation 17 (31%) 7 (32%) 0.93
Length of stay in the ICU (days) 15 ± 15 5 ± 3 0.002
  1. Results are presented as number (proportion), mean ± standard deviation or median [interquartile range] according to the normality of distribution. ISS, Injury Severity Score; GCS, Glasgow Coma Scale; EICP, elevated intracranial pressure; MAP, mean arterial pressure; HR, heart rate.