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Table 1 Characteristics of the study cohort on admission to the ICU stratifiedaccording to gender

From: The influence of gender on the epidemiology of and outcome from severe sepsis

  All patients Male Female P value
n 3,902 2,479 1,423  
Age (years) 64.3 ± 15.7 63.4 ± 15.6 66.0 ± 16 < 0.001
SAPS II 37.2 ± 17.7 37.2 ± 18 37.5 ± 17.5 0.326
Comorbidities     
   Diabetes mellitus 586 (15) 361 (14.6) 225 (15.8) 0.293
   Renal failure (without dialysis) 269 (6.9) 172 (6.9) 97 (6.8) 0.885
   Renal failure (with dialysis) 97 (2.5) 55 (2.2) 42 (3) 0.157
   Hematological cancer 65 (1.7) 44 (1.8) 21 (1.5) 0.518
   Chronic heart failure (NYHA III to IV) 303 (7.8) 182 (7.3) 121 (8.5) 0.192
   COPD 280 (7.2) 192 (7.7) 88 (6.2) 0.069
Type of admission     0.279
   Elective surgery 1,515 (38.8) 967 (39) 548 (38.5)  
   Emergency surgery 979 (25.1) 602 (24.3) 377 (26.5)  
   Medical admission 1,408 (36.1) 910 (36.7) 498 (35)  
Reason for admission     0.179
   Only monitoring 1,793 (46) 1,119 (45.1) 674 (47.4)  
   Intensive care 2,109 (54) 1,360 (54.9) 749 (52.6)  
Trauma 514 (13.2) 392 (15.8) 122 (8.6) < 0.001
Referring facility     0.087
   Other hospital 445 (11.4) 287 (11.6) 158 (11.1)  
   Surgical ward 1,789 (45.8) 1,106 (44.6) 683 (48)  
   Emergency department 937 (24.0) 629 (25.4) 308 (21.6)  
   Medical ward 625 (16.0) 389 (15.7) 236 (16.6)  
   Other ICU 106 (2.7) 68 (2.7) 38 (2.7)  
ICU mortality 780 (20) 498 (20.1) 282 (19.8) 0.838
ICU length of stay (days) 3 (1 to 9) 3 (1 to 10) 3 (1 to 7) 0.154
  1. Data presented as mean ± standard deviation, n (%) or median(interquartile range). COPD, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; NYHA, NewYork Heart Association classification; SAPS, Simplified Acute PhysiologyScore.