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Table 1 Baseline demographics and clinical characteristics

From: The relationship between serum sodium and intracranial pressure when using hypertonic saline to target mild hypernatremia in patients with head trauma

Characteristic Value
Age (years) 36 ± 15
Serum creatinine (mg/dl) 1 ± 0.4
Serum sodium (mEq/l) 139 ± 7
Baseline intracranial pressure (mmHg) 19 ± 11.5
Glasgow Coma Scale 7 (4 to 7)
Injury Severity Score 34 (25 to 41)
Male sex 65 (80%)
Caucasian 54 (67%)
Mechanism of injury  
   Blunt trauma 77 (95%)
   Penetrating trauma 4 (5%)
Traumatic brain injury cause  
   Motor vehicle collision 47 (58%)
   Fall 17 (21%)
   Assault 6 (7%)
   Pedestrian struck 6 (7%)
   Gunshot wound 5 (6%)
Isolated traumatic brain injury 30 (37%)
Reactive pupils 52 (64%)
Midline shift 38 (47%)
Craniotomy/craniectomy 46 (58%)
Ventriculostomy 31 (38%)
In-hospital mortality 33 (41%)
Length of stay (days)  
   ICU 20 ± 17
   Hospital 23 ± 21
Duration of mechanical ventilation (days) 13 ± 10
  1. Data presented as mean ± standard deviation, median (interquartile range), or number (%) of patients. n = 81.