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Table 2 Causes of acute kidney injury: exposures and susceptibilities for nonspecific acute kidney injury

From: Diagnosis, evaluation, and management of acute kidney injury: a KDIGO summary (Part 1)

Exposure Susceptibility
Sepsis Dehydration or volume depletion
Critical illness Advanced age
Circulatory shock Female gender
Burns Black race
Trauma Chronic kidney disease
Cardiac surgery (especially with cardiopulmonary bypass) Chronic diseases (heart, lung, liver)
Major noncardiac surgery Diabetes mellitus
Nephrotoxic drugs Cancer
Radiocontrast agents Anemia
Poisonous plants and animals