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Table 1 Parameters of compared scores.

From: Predicting on-going hemorrhage and transfusion requirement after severe trauma: a validation of six scoring systems and algorithms on the TraumaRegister DGU®

Score
Civilian or Military Database
Number of patients
TASH[22, 28]
Civilian
4527
Rainer (PWH)[19]
Civilian
1891
Vandromme[21]
Civilian
514
ABC[18]
Civilian
596
Schreiber[20]
Military
558
Larson[29]
Military
1124
Variable Value Pts Value Pts Value Pts Value Pts Value Pts Value Pts
Gender male 1           
Pelvic fracture (AIS 5 ≥ 5) clinically unstable 6 displaced (AIS 5 ≥ 4) 1         
Femur fracture (AIS 5 ≥ 3) open and/or dislocated 3           
Free IF (FAST) (AIS 4 ≥ 3) present 3 or CT-positive 2    positive 1     
Heart rate (bpm) > 120 2 ≥ 120 1 > 105 1 ≥ 120 1    > 110 1
Systolic blood presure (mmHg) < 100 4 ≤ 90 3 < 110 1 ≤ 90 1    < 110 1
  < 120 1           
  < 7 8 ≤ 7 10 ≤ 11 1    ≤ 11 1 < 11 1
  < 9 6 7.1 to 10 1         
Hemoglobin (g/dl) < 10 4           
  < 11 3           
  < 12 2           
  < -10 4 BD > 5 1        ≤ -6 1
Base excess (mmol/L) < -6 3           
  < -2 1           
Mechanism of injury        penetrating 1 penetrating 1   
INR      > 1.5 1    > 1.5 1   
GCS    ≤ 8 1         
Lactate      ≥ 5 1       
  1. AIS: abbreviated injury scale; IF: intra-abdominal fluid: FAST: focused assessment with sonography for trauma; INR: international normalized ratio; GCS: Glasgow coma scale; TASH: trauma-associated severe hemorrhage score; Pts: points; BD: Base Deficit; PWH: Prince of Wales Hospital Score; ABC: assessment of blood consumption; CT: computer tomography.