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Table 2 Univariate analysis of patient outcomes by severity of dysphagia

From: Postextubation dysphagia is persistent and associated with poor outcomes in survivors of critical illness

Outcomes None (n= 72) Mild (n= 195) Moderate or severe (n= 179) P value
Hospital days after BSEa 5 [3 to 8] 7 [5 to 12] 8 [5 to 15] <0.01
Discharge to homea,b 54 (75) 100 (51) 69 (39) <0.01
Dysphagia at dischargea-c 0 (0) 33 (17) 98 (55) <0.01
Kept NPOa-c 0 (0) 29 (15) 132 (74) <0.01
Surgical feeding tubea,c 0 (0) 10 (5) 26 (15) <0.01
Pneumonia, reintubation and deatha,c,d 4 (6) 22 (11) 49 (27) <0.01
  1. BSE = bedside swallow evaluation; NPO = no oral intake. Data are presented as n (%) or medians [25th to 75th percentiles]. aP < 0.05 for comparison of moderate or severe dysphagia to no dysphagia after Bonferroni correction. bP < 0.05 for comparison of mild to no dysphagia after Bonferroni correction. cP < 0.05 for comparison of moderate or severe dysphagia to mild dysphagia after Bonferroni correction. dOutcome data for pneumonia, reintubation and death are composite totals.