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Table 4 How do you routinely assess the hemodynamic effects of volume expansion?

From: Hemodynamic monitoring and management in patients undergoing high risk surgery: a survey among North American and European anesthesiologists

  ASA respondents (n = 203) ESA respondents (n = 162)
Answer options Response percent Response percent
Increase in blood pressure 92.1% 75.3%
Increase in urine output 84.7% 73.5%
Decrease in heart rate 74.4% 75.3%
Increase in cardiac output 59.1% 54.3%
Decrease in pulse pressure variation or systolic pressure variation 56.7% 54.9%
Decrease in plethysmographic waveform variation 28.6% 25.9%
Increase in mixed venous saturation (SvO2) 22.2% 18.5%
Decrease in stroke volume variation 21.7% 35.2%
Increase in central venous saturation (SvO2) 19.2% 27.8%
  1. ASA, American society of anesthesiology respondents; ESA, European society of anaesthesiology respondents.