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Table 3 What are your indicators for volume expansion in this setting (diagnostic tools)?

From: Hemodynamic monitoring and management in patients undergoing high risk surgery: a survey among North American and European anesthesiologists

  ASA Respondents (n = 209) ESA Respondents (n = 165)
Answer Options Response Percent Response Percent
Blood pressure 88.5% 77.6%
Urine output 83.3% 77.0%
Clinical experience 77.5% 64.8%
Central venous pressure 70.8% 64.2%
Cardiac output 49.3% 53.3%
Pulse Pressure Variation or Systolic Pressure Variation 45.0% 55.8%
Transesophageal echocardiography 43.5% 28.5%
Pulmonary capillary wedge pressure 38.8% 24.2%
Plethysmographic Waveform Variation 25.4% 25.5%
Stroke Volume Variation 19.1% 36.4%
Mixed venous saturation (ScvO2) 18.7% 21.8%
Global end diastolic volume 10.5% 17.0%
Central venous saturation (SvO2) 10.0% 34.5%
  1. ASA, American society of anesthesiology respondents; ESA, European society of anaesthesiology respondents.