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Table 2 Characteristics of treatment and outcomes for trauma patientsa

From: Revised trauma scoring system to predict in-hospital mortality in the emergency department: Glasgow Coma Scale, Age, and Systolic Blood Pressure score

   Derivation, n(%) Validation, n(%)
Treatments and diagnostic tools ( N = 13,463) ( N = 13,691)
  O2 7,928 (59.0) 8,097 (59.1)
  Cervical collar 6,932 (51.5) 7,092 (51.8)
Prehospital treatment Backboard 6,257 (46.5) 6,469 (47.3)
  Shock pants 9 (0.1) 12 (0.1)
  Intravenous fluid 547 (4.1) 496 (3.6)
  Positive 1,128 (9.0) 1,211 (9.5)
FAST Negative 8,884 (71.1) 8,974 (65.5)
  Not used 2,475 (19.8) 2,554 (20.0)
  Head 8,901 (66.1) 9,130 (66.7)
  Neck 4,506 (33.5) 4,570 (33.4)
  Spine 1,591 (11.8) 1,629 (11.9)
CT Chest 6,563 (48.7) 6,691 (48.9)
  Abdomen 6,463 (48.0) 6,564 (46.9)
  Pelvis 5,099 (37.9) 5,192 (37.9)
  Others 504 (3.7) 471 (3.4)
  Head 129 (1.0) 107 (0.8)
  Neck 52 (0.4) 62 (0.5)
  Spine 21 (0.2) 29 (0.2)
Angiography Chest 109 (0.8) 121 (0.9)
  Abdomen 377 (2.8) 389 (2.8)
  Pelvis 424 (3.1) 428 (3.1)
  Others 52 (0.4) 44 (0.3)
Blood transfusion (+)   2,166 (17.2) 2,216 (17.2)
  Craniotomy 470 (3.5) 463 (3.4)
  Craterization 174 (1.3) 151 (1.1)
  Thoracotomy 263 (2.0) 275 (4.2)
Operation Celiotomy 545 (4.0) 541 (4.0)
  Bone Fixation 2,170 (16.1) 2,117 (15.5)
  Angiostomy 88 (0.7) 77 (0.6)
  TAE 383 (2.8) 404 (3.0)
  Endoscopic surgery 7 (0.1) 14 (0.1)
  Anastomosis 48 (0.4) 45 (0.3)
  Others 438 (3.3) 487 (3.6)
  Death in ED or OR 655 (5.3) 672 (5.4)
Disposition at ED ICU 8,464 (68.9) 8,701 (69.7)
  Ward 2,904 (23.7) 2,826 (22.6)
  Others 254 (2.1) 280 (2.2)
  Death 1,600 (14.8) 1,670 (15.2)
Disposition at discharge Hospital transfer 4,350 (40.2) 4,375 (40.0)
  Home 4,811 (44.4) 4,864 (44.4)
  Others 63 (0.6) 55 (0.5)
  1. aMissing data are FAST (n = 1,928), blood transfusion (n = 1,683), disposition at ED (n = 2,398), and disposition at discharge (n = 5,366). FAST: Focused Assessment with Sonography for Trauma; CT: computed tomography; TAE: transcatheter arterial embolization; ED: emergency department, OR: operation room.