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Table 3 The maximum Bedside Paediatric Early Warning System scores by retrospective nurse rating of surprise 'if your patient had a patient care emergency while you were on break'a

From: Multicentre validation of the bedside paediatric early warning system score: a severity of illness score to detect evolving critical illness in hospitalised children

Nurses' rating All patients Case patients Control patients  
Degree of surprise n Maximum BPEWS score* n Maximum BPEWS scoreb n Maximum BPEWS scoreb P value
Not at all (1) 99 10 (7 to 14) 94 10.5(7 to 14) 5 2 (1 to 9) 0.020
Not very (2) 179 8 (5 to 12) 139 10 (6 to 13) 40 4 (1.5 to 6) < 0.0001
Somewhat (3) 203 5 (2 to 9) 85 9 (5 to 12) 118 3 (2 to 5) < 0.0.001
Very (4) 601 2 (1 to 4) 89 6 (3 to 9) 512 2 (1 to 3) < 0.0001
Extremely (5) 395 2 (1 to 3) 31 5 (3 to 8) 364 2 (1 to 3) < 0.0001
All 1,477 3 (1 to 6) 438 9 (5 to 12) 1,039 2 (1 to 3) < 0.0001
  1. aData are from 1,477 children in admitted to inpatient wards of four university-affiliated hospitals. Bedside PEWS (BPEWS) scores were higher in case patients compared with all control patients in each surprise category. bMedian (IQR) score.