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Table 3 Morbidity and mortality according to study groupsa

From: Balanced massive transfusion ratios in multiple injury patients with traumatic brain injury

  AIS score, head <3 AIS score, head ≥3
Morbidity and mortality FFP:pRBC ratio ≤1:2 FFP:pRBC ratio >1:2 P value FFP:pRBC ratio ≤1:2 FFP:pRBC ratio >1:2 P value
Sepsis, n (%) 31 (21.5%) 91 (23.6%) 0.608 19 (15.7%) 98 (24.9%) 0.035
Multiorgan failure, n (%) 86 (58.5%) 211 (55.7%) 0.557 80 (67.2%) 276 (71.3%) 0.393
Mean ventilator-free days (±SD) 8.7 ± 11.2 12.8 ± 11.6 <0.001 4.3 ± 8.1 6.1 ± 9.0 0.006
Survivors' mean ventilation-free days (±SD) 16.9 ± 10.2 17.4 ± 10.1 0.647 11.5 ± 9.6 11.1 ± 9.7 0.825
Mean ICU LOS, days (±SD) 14.7 ± 19.4 18.5 ± 20.1 <0.001 12.5 ± 18.5 18.2 ± 21.3 <0.001
Survivors' mean ICU LOS, days (±SD) 24.7 ± 20.5 23.1 ± 20.6 0.335 29.0 ± 20.8 29.7 ± 22.3 0.703
Mean HLOS, days (±SD) 30.2 ± 40.3 43.3 ± 40.2 <0.001 20.6 ± 30.1 29.9 ± 36.4 <0.001
Survivors' mean HLOS, days (±SD) 54.3 ± 43.0 56.3 ± 38.5 0.361 49.2 ± 32.3 49.9 ± 36.8 0.934
6-hour mortality, n (%) 74 (34.9%) 45 (10.6%) <0.001 55 (32.9%) 69 (15.5%) <0.001
24-hour mortality, n (%) 85 (40.1%) 47 (17.4%) <0.001 74 (44.3%) 110 (24.7%) <0.001
30-day mortality, n (%) 97 (45.8%) 105 (24.6%) <0.001 104 (62.3%) 199 (44.7%) <0.001
In-hospital overall mortality, n (%) 102 (48.1%) 114 (26.8%) <0.001 104 (62.3%) 203 (45.6%) <0.001
  1. aAIS, Abbreviated Injury Scale; FFP, fresh frozen plasma; pRBC, packed red blood cell; ICU, intensive care unit; LOS, length of stay; SD, standard deviation; HLOS, hospital length of stay.