Volume 15 Supplement 1

31st International Symposium on Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine

Open Access

Female authors in top-rank journals of different medical specialties

  • K Amrein1,
  • C Putz-Bankuti1,
  • J Mader1,
  • A Amegah-Sakotnik1,
  • T Urbanic1,
  • D Wagner1,
  • E Prandl1,
  • N Sareban1,
  • S Amrein1 and
  • A Langmann1
Critical Care201115(Suppl 1):P537

DOI: 10.1186/cc9957

Published: 1 March 2011

Introduction

In various scientific fields, including medical research, men have been found to have a higher scientific output than women. These differences may be due to women's lower integration in the scientific community [1]. Even though the proportion of female authors has increased in the past decades, women still contribute less to prominent medical journals [2].

Methods

Thirty-five top-10-ranked journals of eight different medical categories were analysed: Medicine, General & Internal (M,GI), Critical Care (CC), Anaesthesiology (A), Surgery (S), Emergency Medicine (EM), Radiology (R), Haematology (H) and Clinical Neurology (N). Over a 12-month period, we evaluated the first and senior authors' first name for gender.

Results

Thirty-one percent of evaluable first authors were female, compared with 18% of all senior authors. There were significant differences between the evaluated categories, with the lowest percentage of female first authors in the category Surgery, followed by Emergency Medicine (Table 1). In every category, the proportion of female senior authors was significantly lower than that of first authors.
Table 1

Percentage of female authors

 

First authors

Senior authors

S

20.8

12.8

EM

22.1

15.3

CC

25.6

13.8

M,GI

30.3

19.8

R

35.1

17.1

H

35.7

17.2

N

38.6

17.1

A

38.7

23.6

Conclusions

There is a wide variation in the proportion of contributing female authors between the subspecialties analysed, probably reflecting the varying percentage of female scientists. However, in all evaluated medical categories, the proportion of papers authored by females was significantly lower than those authored by men.

Authors’ Affiliations

(1)
Medical University of Graz

References

  1. Puuska HM: Scientometrics. 2010, 82: 419-437. 10.1007/s11192-009-0037-7.View ArticleGoogle Scholar
  2. Jagsi R: N Engl J Med. 2006, 355: 281-287. 10.1056/NEJMsa053910.View ArticlePubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright

© Amrein et al. 2011

This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Advertisement