Volume 17 Supplement 2
Involvement of mitochondrial ATP-sensitive K+ channels in fentanyl-induced mitochondrial dysfunction of cultured human hepatocytes
© Djafarzadeh et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. 2013
Published: 19 March 2013
Pharmacological agents used to treat critically ill patients may alter mitochondrial function. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether fentanyl, a commonly used analgesic drug, interacts with hepatic mitochondrial function.
The human hepatoma cell line HepG2 was exposed to fentanyl at 0.5, 2 or 10 ng/ml for 1 hour, or pretreated with naloxone (an opioid receptor antagonist) at 200 ng/ml or 5-hydroxydecanoate (5-HD; a specific inhibitor of mitochondrial ATP-sensitive K+ (KATP) channels) at 50 μM for 30 minutes, followed by incubation with fentanyl at 2 ng/ml for an additional hour. The mitochondrial complex I-dependent, II-dependent and IV-dependent oxygen consumption rates of the permeabilized cells were measured using a high-resolution oxygraph (Oxygraph-2k; Oroboros Instruments, Innsbruck, Austria). The respiratory electron transfer capacity of intact cells was evaluated using FCCP (carbonyl cyanide p-trifluoromethoxyphenylhydrazone) to obtain the maximum flux.
Incubation of HepG2 cells with fentanyl (1 hour, 2 ng/ml) induced a reduction in complex II-dependent and IV-dependent respiration (Figure 1). Cells pretreated with 5-HD before the addition of fentanyl exhibited no significant changes in complex activities in comparison with controls. Pretreatment with naloxone tended to abolish the fentanyl-induced mitochondrial dysfunction. Treatment with fentanyl led to a reduction in cellular ATP content (0.24 ± 0.06 in controls vs. 0.17 ± 0.14 μmol/mg cellular protein in stimulated cells; P = 0.02). We did not observe any difference in basal or FCCP-uncoupled respiration rates of cells treated with fentanyl at 2 ng/ml compared with controls (data not shown).
This study was supported by the Swiss National Science Foundation (grant number 32003B_127619).
This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.